The Nile Water Agreement Of 1929 And 1959
The Nile draws its water from three long rivers: the White Nile, the Blue Nile and the Atbara, which flows from northern Ethiopia to the Nile in eastern Sudan. The world`s longest river, the Nile, stretches 6,650 kilometres and crosses eleven countries: Burundi, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The volume of the annual flow of the Nile is 84 billion cubic meters. The following table shows  the availability of water in each country within the Nile basin and the researchers` estimates of the decrease in water availability in these countries, mainly due to an increase in the population of the countries. In dealing with the major problem, which depends on the terms and conditions of the agreement, it is worth remembering that the CFA was ready to be signed from 10 May 2010; Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda have signed the agreement; Ethiopian parliament has ratified it. However, in arguing that their “acquired rights” in the waters of the Nile would not be protected, Egypt and Sudan immediately announced their intention not to sign the agreement because they opposed the text of Article 14, point b): “The States of the Nile Basin therefore accept, in a spirit of cooperation: … b) not to significantly affect the water safety of another Nile Basin state.” They then proposed an alternative formulation to Article 14, point b): “The States of the Nile Basin therefore accept, in a spirit of cooperation: . . . . . (b) not to significantly harm the safety of water and the current uses and rights of another Nile Basin state,” this formulation was rejected by the upstream riparian states, which assert that “current rights and rights” would anchor the concept of prerogatives, including those created by the Nile water agreements , and have effectively maintained the injustice and injustice that have characterized the allocation and use of water in the Nile basin since the 1920s. Amid the booming population of the North African region, the Nile Basin is the main reliable source of renewable water.